This is the lesson that I presented for the elementary kids in star kids club. Grade I kids were taught just the different phases of moon and the reason behind it. The lessons on moon went like as follows…..
Rocky bodies that orbit the planets are called moons. Mercury and Venus are the two planets that don’t have moons and Jupiter is the planet that has more moons.
Earth’s gravity holds the moon in orbit. This is shown by two children holding their hands and revolving around.
Moon doesn’t have light on it’s own but it just reflects the light of the sun. The phases of the Moon are the different ways the Moon looks from Earth over about a month. As the Moon orbits around the Earth, the half of the Moon that faces the Sun will be lit up. The different shapes of the lit portion of the Moon that can be seen from Earth are known as phases of the Moon. I explained them the different phases of the moon with the following picture.
I used the picture cards for the phases of moon from ETC MONTESSORI. This is five part cards. I have made two out of the five as a control booklet.
The phases of moon can be demonstrated with a white ball on a stick acting like a moon and a torch light as the sun. I showed this video Video on Moon to the children and asked them to act it out to have a hands on experience.
This picture shows the Moon lessons on the go… you can see the torch and the ball for the phases of moon demonstration and the kids taking turns in carrying out the demonstration of phases of the moon.
And I explained the lunar calendar to the kids as follows….
Lunar calendar is based on the orbit of the moon. A lunar month (29.53 days) is slightly shorter than an average standard month (30.44 days)of solar year calendar. If you only had 12 lunar months then you would end up with 12 days short of a year. As a result very few modern societies follow lunar calendar. But many people celebrations are based on lunar calendar like Ramadan festival of Islam, Chinese New Year are based on lunar calendar.